ISOLATION OF ESSENTIAL OILS FROM INDIGENOUS MONTANA FLORA AND THEIR ANTIMICROBIAL EFFECTIVENESS AS A NON-TOXIC STERILIZING REAGENT AGAINST BACTERIA THAT CAUSE FOOD BORNE ILLNESS
AbstractBacterial resistance and the negative effects of chemicals used to kill them have become a growing worldwide public health concern. The widespread use of antibiotics in medicine and Animal husbandry have caused bacteria adaptation to antibiotics. New drug discovery has become vital in fighting the war against drug-resistant bacteria such as Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Salmonella epidermis, which have posed considerable medical problems. Essential oils are a safe, generally non-toxic and relatively inexpensive alternative to synthetic chemical based antibiotics. Essential oils hydro-distilled from indigenous Montana flora will be explored for their antimicrobial effectiveness as a non-toxic sterilizing reagent against bacteria. We hypothesis that the oils of Lomatium dissectum, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.), Chimaphila umbellate (L.), W. Bart Prunella vulgaris L , Artemisia dracunculus L, Spreng Medicago lupulina L., and Balsamorhiza sagittata will have significant anti-bacterial properties and variability that works to reduce bacterium’s resistance.
Montana Academy of Sciences [Abstracts]