Item: Snow and avalanche training for the armed services
Title: Snow and avalanche training for the armed services
Proceedings: 1990 International Snow Science Workshop, Bigfork, Montana USA, October 9-13
Authors: John Montagne and Ronald F. Johnson
Abstract: Military history bears out the seriousness of snow hazards in all campaigns in snowy mountain terrains. European armies of WW I and II benefitted greatly through employment of highly trained mountain divisions. With only one such division in 1945, the U.S. Army was rewarded by the excellent record of the Tenth Mountain Division in Italy, and yet, collectively, the opposing 18 German mountain divisions would have been an overwhelming force if such a confrontation had developed. A modest mountain training program today enhances the mountain abilities of all branches of the U.S. armed forces. Curricula for such training takes its lead from both civilian and military literature and experience, but certain elements of risk, tactics, and terrain analysis apply uniquely to military mountain situations.
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Keywords: military, snow hazards, terrains
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