Item: Alpine and maritime snow covers: similarities and differences in water distribution
Title: Alpine and maritime snow covers: similarities and differences in water distribution
Proceedings: Proceedings of the 2004 International Snow Science Workshop, Jackson Hole, Wyoming
Authors: A. H. Jarosch and A. Denoth
Abstract: The nature of a snow cover differs greatly from area to area and it is highly interesting to compare the various consistencies of snow covers in diverse countries. Two regions with different types of climate which generate typically high snow covers have been selected: Iceland with a maritime climate and Austria as a representative for the alpine climate. Both types of climate show different effects on the physical properties of the snow cover and metamorphism. To minimize the effect of topography measurements sites with well matching topographies have been selected: Field measurements have been carried out in the Alpine regions near Innsbruck, Austria, and in the northern part of Iceland near the city of Akureyri. Special attention in this comparative study was given to the vertical distribution of snow temperature, density, electric permittivity and liquid water content. Liquid water content of snow was determined by using both a calibrated electronic moisture meter and freezing calorimetry. Experimental results of a four months field study from February to May 2002 are presented.
Keywords: snow physics, water content, maritime and alpine climates
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