Removing the Boundaries: open access journal publishing as an innovation in technology



publishing, scholarly communication, open access, PNLA Quarterly


Since the European development of the printing press by Johannes Gutenberg in 1440 western culture has had a useful and reliable way to disseminate information. In the early days of printed research, letters were printed and reprinted, sent around and recopied, multiplying as more people were interested in reading them. Over the next 200 years the number of letters proliferated until there were too many to read. In 1665, the world’s first scientific journal was published by Henry Oldenburg ( The first issue of Philosophical Transactions was effectively letters bound together into a journal. After WWII, the proliferation of journals encouraged the development of metrics. Measures like impact factor, became important means of differentiating among the sea of titles in the 1960s (Garfield, 2005). The number and specialization of journals has been growing ever since.

Author Biography

Leila Belle Sterman, Montana State University

Scholarly Communication Librarian, Montana State University


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