The Dr. Caroline M. McGill Personal Papers Collection

What is it?

Dr. Caroline M. McGill (1879-1959) was a Butte, Montana physician, collector of historical memorabilia, a founder of the Museum of the Rockies and early Montana Conservationist. Born in Mansfield, Ohio on May 18, 1879, McGill moved to Lebanon, Missouri with her family at the age of five. She attended normal school at nearby Springfield and eventually Missouri State University at Columbia where she earned a doctorate in anatomy in 1908. In 1909 she was the first recipient of the Sarah Berliner Fellowship and used it to study medicine in Europe.

In 1910, she started work as a pathologist at the Murray Hospital in Butte, Montana. She earned her MD at John Hopkins University in 1913 and then returned to Butte to practice internal medicine until her retirement in 1956. Dr. McGill retired to the 320 Ranch in Gallatin County that she purchased in 1936. From 1956 onward, she used her extensive collections of objects and memorabilia and focused on founding the Museum of the Rockies with Dr. Merrill G. Burlingame.

The Montana State University Library's Dr. Caroline M. McGill Collection 945 includes: autobiographical materials, including a transcription of travel notes originally kept by McGill on the back of postcards during her 1909-1910 European tour, her reminiscences of Gallatin Canyon prior to her purchase of the 320 Ranch in 1936, notes on the establishment of the Museum of the Rockies, tourist information brochures and pamphlets and general personal and research correspondence.

The MSU Library Collection 945 - Caroline McGill (1909-1958) Special Collections' Finding Aid has complete details on this collection's materials and their content and provenance.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], [Item permalink or DOI], Dr. Caroline M. McGill Personal Papers Collection, Montana State University (MSU) Library, Bozeman, MT

Copyright Notice

Whenever possible, the Montana State University Library provides information about copyright in our digital collections records. We often do not own the rights in materials, and as such do not grant permissions for their use. Permissions and fees may be required from the individual copyright holder for uses beyond what is allowed based on U.S. Copyright Law (

Please attempt to determine if an item is protected by copyright and follow any copyright or use restrictions when applicable. Written permission from the copyright holder is required for reproduction of protected items beyond what is allowed by fair use or other exemptions. These materials may be used for personal use, research, teaching (including distribution to classes), or any "fair use" as defined by U.S. copyright laws.

For more information please contact Archives and Special Collections at the Montana State University Library or Leila Sterman, Scholarly Communication Librarian.


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