Item: Development of avalanche education and hazard forecasting in hokkaido, japan
Title: Development of avalanche education and hazard forecasting in hokkaido, japan
Proceedings: 1990 International Snow Science Workshop, Bigfork, Montana USA, October 9-13
Authors: Charles W. Ziskin Institute of Low Temperature Science Hokkaido University Sapporo 060 JAPAN
Abstract: Avalanche fatalities in Hokkaido have been recorded for more than fifty years and Japan devotes considerable public funds to the academic study of avalanches yet operational forecasting is not conducted. While avalanche defenses protect highways and railroads throughout Hokkaido, hazard evaluation is not practiced at Hokkaido ski resorts and in-bounds avalanche terrain is neither controlled nor closed during periods of extreme hazard. Out of bounds avalanche paths are permanently closed, but the policy is not always effective in deterring many individuals from skiing in these paths.
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Keywords: fatalities, education, avalanche, forecasting, hazard, terrain, skiing
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