Item: Factors comprising county/hunicipal land-use contruls addressing snow avalanches
Title: Factors comprising county/hunicipal land-use contruls addressing snow avalanches
Proceedings: 1984 International Snow Science Workshop, Aspen, Colorado, USA
Authors: KENNETH LEON NIEHCZYK
Abstract: In the early 1970's, the Institute of Behavioral Science, at the University of Colorado (Boulder), issued a number of reports about natural hazards in the United States. Snow Avalanche Hazard In the United States: A Research Assessment stressed the use of land-us£" management as one way of reducing the risk and stated that a top research priority included an inventory and evaluation of existing land-use regulations addressing the snow avalanche hazard. Beginning in March and extending to June 1981, this author, in order to establish a reference base, inventoried existing legislation addressing snow avalanche. Twenty (20) states, 165 counties, and 14 municipalities were contacted. The evaluation of the legislation revealed 27 factors used by local jurisdictions to control urban development in areas experiencing snow avalanche. A factor is part of an overall statement which expresses a common theme; said statement may be a sentence, a paragraph, or a number of paragraphs, and usually initiates certain activities by the legislature or by the administrators of the legislation. A factor can also be the standards by which projects are judged. Although none of the local jurisdictions used all 27 factors in their legislation, the combined 27 factors may be the foundation of a model ordinance.
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Keywords: hazard, risk, snow avalanche
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