Item: Development of an Helicopter-Borne Gas Device for Avalanche Preventive Release
Title: Development of an Helicopter-Borne Gas Device for Avalanche Preventive Release
Proceedings: Proceedings Whistler 2008 International Snow Science Workshop September 21-27, 2008
- Dr. Philippe Berthet-Rambaud [ MND Engineering ]
- Louis Noel [ TAS, Manufacturer of Gazex ]
- Bruno Farizy [ TAS, Manufacturer of Gazex ]
- Jean-Marc Neuville [ TAS, Manufacturer of Gazex ]
- Stéphane Constant [ TAS, Manufacturer of Gazex ]
- Pascal Roux [ TAS, Manufacturer of Gazex ]
Abstract: This new device called DaisyBell® combines the helicopter mobility with the advantages of a gaz system. It is an interesting alternative to the helicopter bombing with explosive to control slide paths that are not equipped with permanent remote preventive release systems. Helicopter-borne over the zone to be cleaned, DaisyBell® consists of a cone-shaped device made of steel with high mechanical properties which contains the gaz mixture for the ignition and directs the explosion blast towards the snow cover. This mixture of less than half a cubic meter is injected at the top of the cone during stationary flight for a duration of 7s with stoechiometric proportions and then, is ignited by two plugs. The system is entirely autonomous in gaz and in energy with a capacity of about sixty shots before changing the bottles. DaisyBell® is remotely controlled by radio and all operations are controlled from the helicopter cockpit. The remote control indicates at all times, the level of gaz reserves and displays the distance between the device and the snow mantel. The shock wave produces an overpressure of 25 mbar in a 25-meter radius, above the snow cover similar in efficiency to a 0.8 m3 Gazex® exploder.eter radius, above the snow cover similar in efficiency to a 0.8 m3 Gazex® exploder.
Language of Article: English
Presenters: Dr. Philippe Berthet-Rambaud.
Keywords: preventive avalanche release, helicopter, gas device
Subjects: mitigation methods